1. Informed consent is based on a patient being competent to make a decision, adequate understanding of the proposed treatment, and
a. trust in the doctor's advice.
b. appropriateness of treatment goals.
c. freely consenting to treatment.
d. agreement of family members.
2. Most people diagnosed with a life-threatening illness would
a. rather not be informed.
b. prefer to suspect it without being directly informed.
c. rather their families were not informed.
d. prefer to be informed.
3. The notion of keeping a patient alive at all costs is
a. mandated by the Hippocratic Oath.
b. associated with the desire to increase quality of life.
c. associated with the rise of modern medical technologies.
d. legally required of medical practitioners.
4. Ethical questions regarding the "right to die" first came to widespread public attention in the landmark court case involving
a. Karen Ann Quinlan.
b. Nancy Beth Cruzan.
c. Nancy Ellen Jobes.
d. Elizabeth Bouvia.
5. In the United States, recent public discussion about euthanasia has focused mostly on
a. physician-assisted suicide.
b. involuntary active euthanasia.
c. nonvoluntary active euthanasia
d. voluntary active euthanasia
6. A living will
a. enables individuals to appoint a proxy to act on their behalf if they become incapacitated or unable to participate in treatment decisions.
b. allows for donation of gifts from an estate before the benefactor dies.
c. enables individuals to provide instructions for the kind of medical care they want to receive if they become incapacitated or unable to participate in treatment decisions.
d. allows testators to appoint a trustee to handle their estate in case of incapacitation.
7. In Barton Bernstein's outline of the three legal stages that apply in cases of terminal illness when death is likely to follow expected medical probabilities, the first stage involves
a. gathering legal papers and obtaining funds to cover immediate expenses.
b. arranging legal and financial affairs for the eventuality of death.
c. delivering the person's will to an attorney for probate.
d. completing a living will and health care proxy.
8. Which of the following is the conventional document used for specifying a person's wishes for the distribution of his or her estate after death?
a. holographic will.
b. nuncupative will.
c. formally executed will.
d. conditional will.
9. Approximately what percentage of Americans die without making a will?
a. 10 percent
b. 30 percent
c. 50 percent
d. 70 percent
10. According to the laws of intestate succession, if no surviving heirs can be found, the proceeds from a person's estate go to the
a. designated charity.
b. Internal Revenue Service.
d. executor or administrator.
11. Which of the following terms pertains to an individual selling his or her life insurance policy before death for a lump sum amount?
a. percentage settlement
b. viatical settlement
c. conditional settlement
d. whole life settlement
TRUE / FALSE
12. The case involving Nancy Beth Cruzan is important because the United States Supreme Court ruled that her parents could have her feeding tubes removed.
13. Withholding artificial nutrition and hydration from a person who is actively dying is a form of intentional killing.
14. A patient's living will is legally binding and its provisions always must be followed.
15. If the contents of a will conflict with ordinary standards of social conduct, its provisions may be contested.